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polluted streams brownfields/worst practices manure on snow drainage tile discharges

Rural Brownfields - Worst CAFO Practices
• Open-hose Draglining
• Over-application of Liquid Manure with Ponding, Run-off
• Spray-application of Liquid Manure, Aerosolizing Pollutants

• Open-hose Draglining
Draglines are flexible hoses used to pump liquid manure from a manure lagoon to a field. The draglines can stretch for miles, under roads through culverts to distant fields. Sometimes an applicator is used to inject the manure in the field. But often we see open-hose draglining - with no applicator, no incorporation, no calibration. The liquid just spews from the line.
hoffdrag
BAD - open-hose draglining, spewing liquid manure with no applicator, no calibration, no incorporation.

HDblowout
WORSE - blowing out the dragline hose, geysering liquid manure into the air.

Hartrain
THE WORST - open-hose draglining in the rain!

dragline
Liquid manure dragline going under a road...
...and stretching for miles.
drag2


• Over-application of Liquid Manure with Ponding, Run-off
Ponding, streams of liquid manure in a field indicate over-application of manure -- it's waste disposal at that point, not fertilizer.

warnwet

• Spray-application of Liquid Manure, Aerosolizing Pollutants
Spraying liquid manure not only causes a stink for neighbors. It's a public health concern. Whether sprayed from a tanker or from travel-irrigators, the manure emissions include many aerosolized contaminants which can drift for miles. These small, airborne particulates, gases, and pathogens can be inhaled, especially dangerous to children and the elderly.

bruinsma1

sprayus-127 medina2