• Open-hose Draglining
Draglines are flexible hoses used to pump liquid manure from a manure lagoon to a field. The draglines can stretch for miles, under roads through culverts to distant fields. Sometimes an applicator is used to inject the manure in the field. But often we see open-hose draglining - with no applicator, no incorporation, no calibration. The liquid just spews from the line.
BAD - open-hose draglining, spewing liquid manure with no applicator, no calibration, no incorporation.
WORSE - blowing out the dragline hose, geysering liquid manure into the air.
THE WORST - open-hose draglining in the rain!
Liquid manure dragline going under a road...
...and stretching for miles.
• Over-application of Liquid Manure with Ponding, Run-off
Ponding, streams of liquid manure in a field indicate over-application of manure -- it's waste disposal at
that point, not fertilizer.
• Spray-application of Liquid Manure, Aerosolizing Pollutants
Spraying liquid manure not only causes a stink for neighbors. It's a public health concern. Whether sprayed from a tanker or from travel-irrigators, the manure emissions include many aerosolized contaminants which can drift for miles. These small, airborne particulates, gases, and pathogens can be inhaled, especially dangerous to children and the elderly.